Before a scenario of fragmentation in the institutionality of water and poor management of this resource that prevents dealing with scarcity and climate change, Water Scenarios 2030 works to promote and articulate the creation of a national water policy, considering the participation of all sectors and an active leadership role from the state.
Looking towards a sustainable future valuable to all, searching for a minimum consensus, the initiative’s referent is the process of creating the 2050 Energy Policy, which translates into a national commitment.
Water Scenarios 2030 started back in 2016 responding to the need of adopting and integrating all the different perspectives on the national water situation and its future, seeking to advance towards water security. From the outset, the intention is bringing together collaborative governance between different public audiences and incorporating the citizens’ vision.
Water Scenarios 2030 seeks to validate the data available and discuss the different actions required for a solution to the problems of water resources, depending on each region in Chile.
The first phase of the initiativa had the purpose of mobilizing and articulating with key actors the collective development of roadmaps for the implementation of measures, actions and cost-effective solutions, applicable to the different realities of the country.
Currently, the program has managed to mobilize more than 55 public, private and civil society institutions that participate permanently, more than 150 professionals and national and international experts, as well as diverse local actors in the 6 selected basins as pilot basins.
- Opening market niches for innovation and participation of diverse actors at all levels.
- Advancement towards water security in all productive chains.
- Through the decrease in the Water Gap, reduce negative externalities and enable country development.
CAUSES OF THE GAP AND WATER RISK
From the study carried out in six basins, which were selected because they are representative of different realities and water problems in Chile (Copiapó, Aconcagua, Maipo, Maule, Lebu, and Baker), Water Scenarios 2030 identified the main problems that generate the gap and water risk:
of the causes are related to deficient management of the resource.
is related to the increase in water demand due to growth in the productive sectors and the over granting of water use rights
is related to water pollution due to diffuse pollution from agricultural and mining activities
is related to a decrease in supply due to decreased rainfall, glacial retreat and overexploitation of aquifers
is related to environmental damage due to degradation of water ecosystems
is related to natural disasters due to increased frequency of extreme events
A NEW MODEL WATER MANEGEMENT FOR CHILE
The model proposed by Water Scenarios 2030 consists in four lines of action defined to achieve the Water Transition.
Located in the first place is the management and institutionality of water, as the fundamental gear that mobilizes and enables solutions in the short, medium, and long terms.